...The Authoritative Directory of International Radio and Television. Includes Annual Survey of Receiving Equipment.Local pick-up preferred (please call first) but will ship at the buyer s expense.Kingston Books 15 IMG_8086Publisher Billboard 37th Annual EditionMESSAGE FORM THE EDITORSThe International Telecommunications Union has declared 1983 to be World Communications Year. Activities based on this theme will be taking place in many countries and the WRTH makes its own contribution with various feature articles.Our distinguished contributor Will Menzel has prepared a highly informative and thought-provoking paper which examines broadcasting in the wider context of international communications. To illustrate the importance of broadcasting in the socio-political structure of a Third World country journalist George Wood traveled to Nicaragua and discovered the vital role played by radio and TV in that country during the past four years. His report makes fascinating reading.The individual listener can have an important role to play also. A writer from India describes how one person working at home can prepare reception data of great value to many shortwave broadcasters. From yet another perspective we learn how the International Red Cross uses shortwave to further its humane goals.These different examples of broadcasting in action serve as a reminder that the hobby of DX-ing relies greatly on the many patterns of human activity which create the need for radio and TV stations. Events in 1982 showed how increasingly difficult it has become for the listener to remain neutral despite the admirable efforts of many hobby clubs to eliminate socio-political influences.How much harder it is for us relying as we do on the cooperation of individuals and organizations in every country to avoid these same influences. World Communications Year 1983 may be a good time to re-state our policy that nothing in the editorial content of the WRTH is intended to represent a point of view. We try to present the facts as they are without prejudice to anyone.Only by striving to maintain that objective can we live up to the ideal stated in our title page For a promotion of a better understanding among the peoples of the world .Jens M. Frost Andrew G. SennittEditor Assistant EditorIllustrated Advertising Maps Schematics Charts Frequency ListingsTable of Contents (in brief)A Listing of Radio and Television Stations World Wide From Afghanistan through Zimbabwe.GENERAL INDEXAbbreviations ..58Advertisers Directory of ..560Advertising Representatives ..557Broadcasts in English ..380Broadcasts in Esperanto ..441Collaborators and Monitors ..558DX-Clubs & Federations ..371DX-Programmes ..440High frequency Broadcast Reception Conditions 1983 ..52How to use the WRTH ..14 20 26 32Intergovernmental Organizations ..60International Broadcasting Organizations ..62International Waters ..189Last Minute Information ..439Listen to the World ..561Long and medium Wave Stations ..442 524Message from the Editors ..11Most Suitable Broadcasting Bands 1983 ..56 57Religious Broadcast Organizations ..68Set Count by Country ..556Shortwave Stations of the World ..525-555Solar Activity 1983 ..50Standard Frequency and Time Signal Stations ..377Where to obtain the WRTH ..559World Communications Year 1983 ..38World Radio ..75-370World Television ..392-438World Time Table ..72No part of this publication may be reproduced stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic mechanical photocopying recording or otherwise without the prior written permission of the publisher. World Radio TV Handbook is published by BILLBOARD LIMITED under license from BILLBOARD A.G.608 pages ISBN 0-902285-08-4



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